Monthly Archives: November 2014

Visual capitalist: running out of resources visualized




Nešto više od statistike: vlada govorila o padu stope nezaposlenosti, iako raste broj nezaposlenih?

Pre više od mesec dana ovde sam postavio pitanje kako je moguće da se istovremeno smanjuje i broj zaposlenih i stopa nezaposlenosti. Na jučerašnjoj konferenciji za štampu ministra za rad ponovljena je tvrdnja da se stopa nezaposlenosti smanjuje 7 meseci za redom i da je sada za 3.8% manja nego što je bila krajem septembra 2013. i iznosi 20.3%.

Pošto se nigde ne vidе znaci oporavka privrede, na primer, industrijska proizvodnja pada, a manji je i ukupan broj zaposlenih, postavlja se pitanje da li je pad stope nezaposlenosti realan ili fiktivan? Kako je moguće da stopa nezaoslenosti pada, ako se ništa drugo u ekonomiji ne menja i čak postoje negativni trendovi?

Continue reading Nešto više od statistike: vlada govorila o padu stope nezaposlenosti, iako raste broj nezaposlenih?

Ingo Elbe on early Marxism, Western Marxism and Neue Marx Lektüre differences

III. The “Neue Marx-Lektüre”

It was first within the frame­work of the “neue Marx-Lektüre” (“New Read­ing of Marx”), which emerged in the mid-1960s, that prob­lems of state the­ory and eco­nomic the­ory once again played a role out­side of Marxism-Leninism. This new wave of recep­tion of Marx’s the­ory was also more or less sit­u­ated out­side of Stal­in­ism and Social Democ­racy. Along­side the new read­ing in West Euro­pean coun­tries, there were iso­lated rudi­ments of a “new read­ing of Marx” occur­ring in East­ern Europe.68 Its gen­e­sis in West Ger­many coin­cided with phe­nom­ena such as the stu­dent move­ment, the first jolts to belief in a per­pet­ual and polit­i­cally man­age­able post-war pros­per­ity, the break­ing up of the anti-communist con­sen­sus in the course of the Viet­nam War, etc., yet remained, despite its rad­i­cal eman­ci­pa­tory claims, con­fined largely to acad­e­mia. Here, we dis­tin­guish between this “new read­ing of Marx” in a broader sense69, and one more nar­rowly defined.70 Whereas the for­mer was an inter­na­tional phe­nom­e­non, the lat­ter was con­fined pri­mar­ily to West Ger­many. If the for­mer still remained pre­dom­i­nantly trapped within Engel­sian dogma with regard to the cri­tique of polit­i­cal econ­omy, the lat­ter fore­grounded the revi­sion of pre­vi­ous his­tori­cist or empiri­cist inter­pre­ta­tions of Marx’s form analy­sis. In terms of con­tent, a three­fold aban­don­ment of cen­tral topoi of tra­di­tional Marx­ism was con­sum­mated in the main threads of the debate, them­selves con­tra­dic­tory and in no way shared by all par­tic­i­pants: a move away from a sub­stan­tial­ist the­ory of value71; aban­don­ment of manipulative-instrumental con­cep­tions of the state72; and a move away from labor movement-centric inter­pre­ta­tions of the cri­tique of polit­i­cal econ­omy, or inter­pre­ta­tions based on a “labor-ontological” rev­o­lu­tion­ary the­ory (or even upon rev­o­lu­tion­ary the­ory as such).73 This new read­ing artic­u­lates its the­o­ret­i­cal efforts in the form of a recon­struc­tion of Marx’s theory.

Continue reading Ingo Elbe on early Marxism, Western Marxism and Neue Marx Lektüre differences

Harlem Hellfighters, Kriegsmaschinerie and the war that never ended: Einstürzende Neubaten on WWI

“To create Lament – an album built around a theme and based on a stage show did you utilise a different creative process?
‘We normally do much more research in the field of sound and what to do with new materials because Neubauten is very much a materialistic band in that sense. In this case we had two scientific researchers to actually come up with the actual material for us to work with ideas wise. By the time it was commissioned in August 2013 I already knew the old memory mill had already started. I knew by the time that we put this on stage that there would be a whole year behind it of being constantly bombarded in the media with World War One material and I knew we had to find something, new ideas, about the war that were not trampled to death already.’

The music on the album captures many moods – was there an attempt to capture the sound of war?
‘I was very much trying to avoid anything like capturing the sound of war. I very much did not want to fill the equation Einsturzende Neubauten – noise – war. I leave that to Rammstein to do things like that. I wanted to tell a horrible story beautifully and not the other way round.’”


Ingo Stützle on David Graeber – or why debt and labor have not existed until the XVIII century

Debt and Punishment. A critical review of David Graeber’s ›debt‹. The book is missing an analysis of capitalism

The last few years of cri­sis poli­tics were a prime example of how on the one hand pro­fits are pri­va­ti­zed, while on the other hand los­ses are socia­li­zed. The deep cri­sis of capi­ta­lism has left in its wake a sover­eign debt cri­sis. The ans­wer of the poli­ti­cal class has been fis­cal con­so­li­da­tion. Finance capital’s claims on returns are gua­ran­teed and collec­ted by the state. The invi­si­ble hand of the mar­ket is joi­ned by the visi­ble fist of the state. Strugg­les over state finan­ces will be cen­tral batt­le­fields in the next few years.

That is no doubt the rea­son why the publi­ca­tion of David Graeber’s book Debt: The First 5,000 Years was gree­ted with eupho­ria, even by the bour­geois press. In the Frank­fur­ter All­ge­meine Sonn­tags­zei­tung, Frank Schirr­ma­cher wrote that Gra­eber »opens the reader’s eyes to what’s going on right now,« and fur­ther­more, »Graeber’s text is a reve­la­tion, since one is no lon­ger forced to react to the sys­tem its­elf wit­hin the sys­tem of appa­rent eco­no­mic ratio­na­lity.« Der Spie­gel opi­nes: »his book on the nature of debt and its eco­no­mic and moral basis is alre­ady regar­ded as an anti-capitalist stan­dard work of the new social move­ments which have emer­ged during the world eco­no­mic cri­sis.« This is in refe­rence to the Occupy pro­tests. Even the chief eco­no­mist of the Deut­sche Bank group reviewed Graber’s book posi­tively in the monthly eco­no­mic policy jour­nal Wirt­schafts­dienst (4/2012) with regard to the ques­tion of the future of cen­tral ban­king. Since May 2012, the book has been avail­able in a Ger­man edition.

Continue reading Ingo Stützle on David Graeber – or why debt and labor have not existed until the XVIII century